Everything You Need To Know About FootballFIFA vs UEFA Whats The Difference?
FIFA and UEFA are 2 of the major governing bodies in football. You may have encountered them in several sources.
Both organisations control many decisions in the world of football both on and off the pitch. Although they are both confederations, you may wonder whats the difference.
Contents1Whats the difference between FIFA and UEFA?2ConclusionFifa, UEFA Rules Breach/do Not Brea...
FIFAmeansFederation International de Football Association(International Federation of International Football). Meanwhile,UEFAmeans theUnion of European Football Associations.
Since both are confederations, they comprise federations whichcater to football in their respective countries. Here is afurther comparisonbetween these 2 organisations:Territory of Jurisdiction
FIFA, established in 1904, is the supreme governing body of football in the entire world. As such,their area of administration involves the entire planet. This means any decision FIFA makes is likely to directly affect the entire football world.
On the other hand, UEFA, established in 1954, is the governing organisation of football in Europe. As such, their area of administrationencompasses the continent of Europeand the federations within.
Thus, any action taken by UEFA will only impact the entire region.
Both organisations are headquartered in Switzerland, Europe. However, the FIFA headquarters isin Zurichwhile the UEFA headquarters isin Nyon.Membership
Since FIFA is theparamount confederation of world football, this means that every football federation and confederation, including UEFA, must be recognised by and therefore subsidiary to FIFA.
There are211 member federationsunder FIFA.Many more members exist under FIFA than the UNbecause the organisation allows membership for several non-sovereign states, such federations include:EnglandWalesScotlandNorthern IrelandMacauKosovoGibraltarHong Kong
Several nations are not members of FIFA, most of them belong to another confederation known asCONIFA. As of today,CONIFAhas 50 member associations and organises tournaments for the countries therein.
Karpatalja, a national team representing theHungarian minority in Carpathian Ruthenia, won the last edition of theCONIFA World Football Cup.
Countries can apply to FIFA for membership, which issubject to approval. They can also be suspended for several reasons especially government interference and woeful administration.
In the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, FIFAsuspended the Russian Football Unions membership as a result of the crisis.
All six confederations overseeing their respective regions belong to FIFA. UEFA is one of these confederations, and the others are:FederationContinentMember CountriesCONMEBOLSouth America10 countriesAFCAsia47 countriesCONCACAFNorth America, Central America
and the Caribbean41 countriesCAFAfrica56 countriesOFCOceania13 countries
This is whyclubs from other countries like the MLS cannot play in the UEFA Champions League,as well as some other countries.
Meanwhile, UEFA only comprises the several federations in Europe that are recognised by FIFA. Thus, the organisation oversees 55 federations, some of which include:CountryFederationEnglandThe FASpainRFEFGermanyDFBFranceFFFNetherlandsKNVB
All of these associations and football activities involved within will be affected by UEFAs competitions, awards, laws, rankings, and sanctions.
UEFA also maintains the right to accept member associations, but such associations mustfirst be FIFA memberssince UEFA is a FIFA subsidiary. The organisation can also suspend their members.
The RFUalso faced a UEFA ban due to the Ukraine crisis. As a result, the countrys clubs weresuspended from all UEFA competitionsand the national team wasautomatically disqualifiedfrom the upcoming Euros and 2022 World Cup qualifying rounds.Leadership and Structure
FIFA is administered bythe executive councilandthe FIFA congress. Not unlike many organisations, the president of FIFA does not shoulder the entire decision-making power.
The responsibility instead lies onthe FIFA congresswhich comprises representatives from each member country of the supreme body. Once every year, the congress members deliberate and vote on several issues pertaining to the organisations laws.
FIFA Congress sessions also involveelections of executive council membersandratification of prospective membership.
However, the FIFA council runs most of the executive duties and other daily administrative tasks. The upper echeloncomprises 37 people, including:The President8 Vice Presidents28 confederations representatives
The FIFA council is responsiblefor deciding the World Cup host countryvia the bidding process.Gianni Infantinoleads the FIFA executive council as president.
UEFA is operated in a structure similar to FIFA, albeit less robust. The organisation is directly run by an executive committee, which includes:The President5 Vice PresidentsGeneral Secretary
Aleksander Ceferinleads the executive committee as the president of UEFA.
TheUEFA Congressis also involved in the organisations running and there are two separate congresses. An ordinary or extraordinary congress may be arranged depending on the situation which encompasses several areas including:
Both organisations are very important in world football and have the required pedigree to give awards to deserving personel of the game.
FIFA organisesthe Best FIFA Football Awards, a gala to recognise the best in the world for their efforts, the accolades include:Best FIFA Mens PlayerBest FIFA Mens GoalkeeperBest FIFA Womens PlayerBest FIFA Football CoachFIFPRO World XIPuskas Award
FIFA formerly presented the Ballon Dor award in conjunction with French Football for6 editions. Within that period,Lionel Messiwon 4 FIFA Ballon Dr trophies.
Robert Lewandowskiwon the 2021 FIFA Mens player award after anastounding seasonwith Bavarian giants, Bayern Munich.
Meanwhile, UEFA also organises an award gala to honour the best in Europes football, the awards include:
Cristiano Ronaldo has won the most UEFA Player of the Year awards (3 times). He also holds thehighest goalscoring record in the Champions League.
You can find out how theUEFA Player of the Year and the Ballon dOr differ here.
The organisation givesa set of awardsfor the best efforts in the previous Champions League season. Players and coaches stand a chance to win an award, including:UEFA Champions League Goalkeeper of the seasonUEFA Champions League Defender of the seasonUEFA Champions League Midfielder of the seasonUEFA Champions League Forward of the seasonUEFA Technical Observers Best Goal of the seasonUEFA Fans Goal of the SeasonUEFA Team of the Year
Oliver Kahnwon the most of these awards (4) for four consecutive yearsduring his stellar careerwith Bayern Munich.National Competitions
FIFA has been responsible for footballs most prestigious competition,the World Cup. The body makes all the arrangements necessary for the tournament, including:Selecting the host country(ies)Arranging the qualification processScheduling the World CupOrganising and overseeing the tournament
There are other international competitions organised by FIFA, including:FIFA Women World CupFIFA Arab CupFIFA Confederations CupFIFA U-20 World CupFIFA U-17 World CupFIFA Futsal World CupFIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
Francewon the last World Cup editionafter beating Croatia to lift the highly coveted trophy in the summer of 2018.
Meanwhile, UEFA also organises several tournaments, includingthe Euros and UEFA Nations League. The Euros was first held in 1976, while the Nations League started more recently in 2018.
The confederation organises other major competitions for national teams in Womens and Youth level football, including:
Italywon the last Eurosedition after thumping England in the penalty shoot-out.
UEFA and CONMEBOL made a collaborative effort to organisethe La Finalissima Trophy, a one-off match competition between theEuropean and South AmericanChampions. Argentinawon the 2022 trophy, the first edition since 1993.
Although FIFA is mostly known for their national team competitions, they also organise competitions at club level.The FIFA Club World Cupis organised by the body annually.
In both competitions, the winners of the continental club tournaments from all six confederations contest for the world crown. The six competitions are:UEFA Champions LeagueCopa LibertadoresCONCACAF Champions LeagueCAF Champions LeagueAFC Champions LeagueOFC Champions League
FIFA also organises a similar tournament at youth level known asthe FIFA Youth Cupand has put plans in motion for theFIFA Womens Club World Cup.
UEFA organises continental club competitions for the many prestigious clubs in the region. Over 100 clubs partake in UEFAs club tournaments each year which remain the most followed annual competitions in football, including:UEFA Champions LeagueUEFA Europa LeagueUEFA Europa Conference LeagueUEFA Womens Champions LeagueUEFA Youth League
You can find outhow the Champions League and Europa League differ here.
At the beginning of every season, UEFA also organises a one-off match between winners of the Champions League and their Europa counterparts. This is known asthe UEFA Super Cup.
The Champions League titleholders, Chelsea,won the 2021 Super Cupafter beating Europa champions, Villarreal on penalties.
You can find out more about theUEFA Super Cup here.Rankings
FIFA publishesa ranking of all national teamsevery year. The rankings reflect the performance of each team through an elaborate model.
All international matches recognised by FIFA are considered for the ratings. The top rated nations in mens football are:BrazilBelgiumArgentinaFranceEngland
Copa America champions, Argentina are among the top 5 in the world after theemotional victory at the Maracanaand defeating European champions, Italy, to clinch the La Finalissima trophy.
National teams in womens football are also ranked by FIFA with similar metrics, the top countries include:United StatesSwedenFranceNetherlandsGermany
USWNT,the female American national team, is undoubtedlythe best in womens footballand have dominated the world rankings for a very long time.They won the last edition of the FIFA Womens World Cupfor the record fourth time.
On the other hand, UEFA rankings aremainly club-based. The European confederation ranks every league based on quality and uses this rankings to allocate berths in their continental tournaments.
UEFAs ranking system is known as theUEFA coefficient rankings. However, the total standings are compiled over a five-year period.
Theassociation coefficientrankings is decided by the results of clubs from teams from the respective leagues. UEFA awards two points for every win, one point for a draw and nil for a loss.
Bonus points are also awarded based on the achievements of league teams in Europe. Such points are awarded for:CriteriaBonus pointsClubs that reach the group stage4 pointsGroup winners4 points for Europa, 2 points for Conference leagueGroup runners-up2 points for Europa, 1 point for Conference leagueClubs that reach round of 165 points for Champions league, 1 point for EuropaClubs that reach quaterfinals1 point for Champions and Europa leaguesClubs that reach semifinals or final1 point for Champions, Europa and Conference leagues
After the season ends, the total number of points awarded to each association is divided by the number of teams from the league that participated in that seasons European competitions. The top 5 association leagues are:Overall rankings2021/22 rankings1EnglandEngland2SpainNetherlands3GermanySpain4ItalyFrance5FranceGermany
England remains at the top of the coefficient rankings. Premier League teams haveperformed tremendously well in UEFA competitionsover the past five years: 9 English teams have featured in the past 5 finals.
Clubs are also ranked byUEFA coefficient values, thetop 5 clubsin the region are:
The rankings are decided by the clubs performance in the Champions League, Europa League or Conference League. Clubs receive two coefficient points for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss.
Liverpool is the highest ranking team for the 2021/22 season aftera great campaignwinning 10 games, including all their group stage ties.They drew just one match and lost two,including the final against Real Madrid(who lost four games and won nine).
UEFA also curated anEuropean National team rankingsbased on their performances in any european competitions especially the Euros (qualifiers and tournament) and World Cup Qualifying campaign.
However, this ranking system waslast published in 2017and has since been overhauled in favour of theNations League ranking. As such, UEFA now uses the Nations League ranking for seeding in its competitions.
Nations League rankings are updated after each edition of the competition is concluded. Thetop 5 teamsaccording to the 2018/19 Nations League ranking are:PortugalNetherlandsEnglandSwitzerlandBelgium
Portugal finished top of the Nations League ranking after completing a victorious campaign aswinners of the inaugural tournament in 2019.
Here is a summary of the comparison between these two confederations:FIFAUEFATerritoryEntire worldEuropean regionMembers211 countries worldwide55 European countriesStructureFIFA Congress
37 executive council membersUEFA Congress
6 executive membersAwardsBest FIFA Mens Player
Puskas AwardUEFA Mens Player of the Year
UEFA seasonal Champions League AwardsNational CompetitionsFIFA World Cup
UEFA WomensEurosClub CompetitionsFIFA Club World Cup
UEFA Europa LeagueRankingsFIFA Mens and Womens
fNational Team rankingsUEFA coefficient rankings
UEFA Nations League rankingsConclusion
FIFA and UEFA are two of the most important organisations in football. They both perform several roles off the pitch to ensure the smooth running of the sport in general.
However, FIFA oversees football in the entire world while UEFA oversees football only in the European region. Thus, they operate in many different ways.
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